Sturgeon Season Opens July 1 on Lake of the Woods | Walleye Fishing
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Sturgeon Season Opens July 1 on Lake of the Woods

Published By OutdoorsFIRST Media
Published June 22, 2017

 The summer sturgeon season is on the horizon. The "keep" season for these monsters runs from July 1st through September 30.  One per calendar year is allowed and the length must be 45 - 50″ inclusive or over 75″.  Anglers must have a sturgeon tag if you wish to keep a sturgeon.  Oct 1 - April 23, 2018 is the catch and release season.  If you have never sturgeon fished before you may be asking yourself how can I give it a try.

Sturgeon get much of their attention in the spring but summer is a very productive time to catch sturgeon.  Each year Birchdale holds an International Sturgeon Tournament and the number of sturgeon boated within site of the Nelson Park access is impressive.  These fish are feeding up and down the Rainy

Where do I start?  One option is to get a guide from a local resort.  This is an easy way to use heavy duty sturgeon gear you might not own, be introduced to the right set ups with sturgeon rigs and of course, have the opportunity to fish some of the best sturgeon hot spots on the river.

If you are going to use your own boat and tackle, some ideas.  Use strong rods, reels and line.  Muskie gear or your strongest freshwater gear is a good choice.  These fish fight hard and on walleye gear, the fight often times can last an hour.  Heavier gear will allow you to pull in the fish quicker, which puts less stress on the sturgeon and ultimately is better for releasing.

Basically, a no roll sinker combined with a sturgeon rig will get the job done on the tackle end.  A sturgeon rig is an 18″ snell with a 5/0 circle hook loaded with a combo of nightcrawlers and frozen emerald shiners. Some anglers also like to put rotten chicken or pork down as well. In short anything that emits a strong smell works great.   Fish this set up on the bottom much like you would fishing for carp or catfish.

Where to fish for sturgeon.

Although sturgeon do roam the vast waters of Lake of the Woods and are often caught by unsuspecting walleye anglers, the best stretch of water to fish for sturgeon is at the mouth of the Rainy River called Four Mile Bay all the way up river to the falls near Birchdale. This is about a 40 mile stretch of ideal sturgeon habitat.
Anglers typically choose areas to anchor just upstream from a deep hole in the river. The idea is when the sturgeon decides to eat, it swims upstream from the deep hole to shallower water to feed.

Equipment to have ready. 

-Use tackle that is suitable for landing a fish that weighs 100 pounds, or more
-Large landing net
-Gloves, especially for handling small sturgeon that have razor-sharp projections (scutes)
-Pliers to remove hooks from fish. Sturgeon are almost always hooked in the mouth.
-Device to accurately measure the length of a long fish. We see fish over 80 inches long.
-A wet towel to place over the fish's head when measuring. This helps calm the fish.
-Device, such as a seamstress tape, to measure maximum girth for weight estimation
-A pen or pencil and a pad of paper to record numbers from tagged fish that you catch


The first time sturgeon fishing is always the most intimidating.  Most anglers have some success their first couple of times out.  Over time, knowledge and confidence grows leading to even more sturgeon success.

Local bait shops and resorts are a great resource to get you started.  Bait shops also have the necessary bait and tackle to catch a sturgeon.

See MN DNR Fishing Regulations for more info.